By Mohler F.L.
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26 involves a particular choice of the reference surface S. We may naturally ask about the sensitivity of quantities such as interfacial tension γ, the surface excess entropy per unit area ΓS, and the surface excess concentrations Γi to the location of the reference surface. 4 with respect to the radius a of the interface and taking the limit as a becomes very large and the pressure difference (pA – pB) very small. Even for an interface that is slightly curved, γ should not vary greatly with small shifts in the position of S.
7) is slowly increased until the drop can no longer be prevented from falling and breaks off. The total weight or volume of a known number of drops is measured. There is no exact theoretical method for calculating the interfacial tension from the known values of drop volume V and fluid densities ρA and ρB. Dimensional analysis can be used, however, to find suitable dimensionless variables for an empirical correlation. 65) where r is the radius of the capillary tube from which the drop is formed.
1966). While the above discussion has dealt with liquid systems, it is noteworthy that surface solution theory is also of interest for solids. For example, the surface composition of metal alloy catalyst particles can differ significantly from the bulk composition. The proper design of the catalyst thus requires knowledge of how bulk and surface compositions are related. 6 SURFACE TENSION OF IDEAL BINARY SOLUTIONS Chlorobenzene (1) and bromobenzene (2) form ideal solutions. 60 mN/m. 37 nm2. 50.