Download A History of the Spanish Language through Texts by Christopher Pountain PDF

By Christopher Pountain

A heritage of the Spanish Language via Texts examines the evolution of the Spanish language from the center a long time to the current day. Pountain explores a variety of texts from poetry, via newspaper articles and political records, to a Bunuel movie script and a love letter. With keypoints and a cautious indexing and cross-referencing method this ebook can be utilized as a freestanding historical past of the language independently of the illustrative texts themselves.

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3, vs. 6) suggests both (a) that the Latin distinction between /k/ and /kw/ was no longer made in this context and (b) that the writer was aware of this, as a result of which he hypercorrects the c of collige to qu. This is consistent with the very general reduction of the group /kwo/ to /ko/ in Spanish and indeed in Romance generally (cf. ¯ MO ˘ DO ˘ > Sp. como, Fr. comme, It. come, Rom. ). The same Lat. 8) which probably corresponds to Lat. ¯ RE¯ (cf. the Romance derivatives OCast. ca and Fr.

Where the Romance word is a morphological derivative of an attested Latin root, I shall show the latter preceded by a ‘root’ sign ‘√’ and a full arrow ‘→’ or ‘←’. The form of the Latin word most closely approximating to the Romance word is given as the source (see Keypoint: the casesystem of Latin, p. 263); if it is not in its dictionary citation form (usually the nominative singular for nouns and the first person singular of the present tense for verbs), then this is given in square brackets. COMPA¯NI˘A ¯ RI˘U[S] > compañero compañero ← √PA Some forms, meanings and usages which are not attested in Classical Latin are attested in what are often referred to as ‘Vulgar Latin texts’.

La Rioja oscillated between the crowns of León and Navarre in the tenth century and was only definitively incorporated into Castile in the mid-twelfth century. However, there is certainly enough evidence in the glosses to convince us that they are for the most part an 1 See Lapesa (1985a). Espagnol is first attested in Occitan at the end of the eleventh century. 1250) and in the P MS of the Libro de Alexandre (see Text 9). 72r (Text 2) overt representation of Romance forms, and the Latin to which the glosses are appended is not the plainly heavily corrupted, Romance-like, ‘Latin’ of a legal text such as Text 3, but is a Christian Latin text (in the passage we shall examine, it is from a sermon by Caesarius of Arles).

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