By Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane
During this concise and balanced survey of heresy and inquisition within the heart a long time, Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane explores the more and more sour encounters among piety, reform, dissent, and the institutional Church among 1100 and 1500. even supposing the loaded phrases of 'heresy' and 'orthodoxy' hired by means of ecclesiastical officers recommend a transparent department among correct and mistaken, that department was once actually vigorously contested through medieval humans in any respect degrees of society. Deane investigates key matters that sparked confrontations among Christians, together with entry to scripture, apostolic versions of poverty and preaching, the Eucharist and sacramental strength, and clerical corruption and wealth. She lines the skill through which Church elites built an more and more complicated set of inquisitorial approaches and assets to spot, label, and repress 'heresy,' examines many of the local eruptions of such confrontations throughout medieval Europe, and considers the judicial techniques that introduced many to the stake. The booklet levels from the 'Good Christians' of Languedoc and Lombardy and the pan-European 'Poor,' to religious Franciscans, lay non secular ladies, anticlerical and vernacular events in England and Bohemia, mysticism, magical practices, and witchcraft. all through, Deane considers how the recent inquisitorial bureaucracies not just fueled anxiousness over heresy, yet really generated fictional 'heresies' via their very own texts and strategies. Incorporating contemporary examine and debates within the box, her research brings to lifestyles a compelling factor that profoundly stimulated the medieval global.
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Additional resources for A History of Medieval Heresy and Inquisition (Critical Issues in History)
Little, Lester. Religious Poverty and the Profit Economy in Medieval Europe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1983. Lynch, Joseph. The Medieval Church: A Brief History. New York: Longman, 1992. Moore, R. I. The Formation of a Persecuting Society: Authority and Deviance in Western Europe, 950–1250. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007. ———. The First European Revolution: 970–1215 (The Making of Europe). Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000. Rivard, Derek A. Blessing the World: Ritual and Lay Piety in Medieval Religion.
When the response to heresy escalated toward violence in the early thirteenth century, the pope would hold Count Raymond VI of Toulouse particularly accountable for the crime of sheltering the heterodox. The Trencavel viscounts, moreover, who held an important cluster of lands in the center of Languedoc, tried to strengthen their position by developing strategic alliances alternately with the mutually hostile counts of Toulouse and Barcelona. Regional power had been consolidated throughout the region by dynastic alliances and marriage, but such webs of kinship could not fully temper the political disorder.
26 Galdinus’s example was probably the more effective tool, because Italian Cathars observed in their ascetic Elect a striking contrast to the wealth, pleasures, and power of local clergy. Evidently he was restricted to verbal persuasion because there is no record of judicial action at this early date. It was in Italy that Papa Nicetas of Constantinople evidently first encountered leaders from Languedoc. The message he bore was dire: the elect status of “Mark the gravedigger”—and thus most of the Italian leadership—was uncertain because of a flaw in the chain of perfected authority through which he had received the consolamentum.